The concept of keyword-driven testing allows business analysts and testers to describe test-cases without any deep QF-Test knowledge. Those test-cases can either be described in a meta-language or directly in a testmanagement system. QF-Test will then read and execute those test-cases. The implementation of the underlying test-steps inside QF-Test needs to be done by engineers having QF-Test knowledge.
Business testers and QF-Test engineers are free in defining the way how to describe test-steps. They can define a wide range of keywords like simple action-related keywords (e.g. click a button) or more complex business-related keywords (e.g. create an object inside the SUT). Combining test-steps into a test-case could be achieved by a strict table-oriented approach like clickButton=OK or formulating the test-steps in continuous text like "Close the dialog via click on ok".
The following examples illustrate the most popular variants of defining test-cases in a keyword-driven manner. The demo test-case will create a vehicle in the CarConfigurator demo application of QF-Test.
Option 1: Business-related test-steps (see subsection 28.2.1). You find a sample at
|Table 28.1: Test-case using business-related keywords|
Option 2: Atomic test-steps (see subsection 28.2.2). You find a sample at
|Table 28.2: Test-case using atomic keywords|
Option 3: Behavior-Driven Testing (BDT) from a technical perspective (see subsection 28.4.1).
You find a sample at
|Table 28.3: Test-case with Behavior-Driven Testing from a technical perspective|
Option 4: Behavior-Driven Testing (BDT) with business keywords (see subsection 28.4.2).
You find a sample at
|Table 28.4: Test-case with Behavior-Driven Testing from a business perspective|
In the subsequent sections you will find a more detailed description of those variants of keyword-driven testing with QF-Test. The concept of Behavior-driven testing (BDT) is described in section 28.4. From a perspective of QF-Test BDT is just a special variation of keyword-driven testing.
All samples use the CarConfigurator of QF-Test which is also provided by the installation.
You can find all samples in the folder
In order to show the test planning aspects we provide Excel files containing the required test-steps. Of course you can
also go ahead and use your testmanagement tool to plan test-steps. We are using Excel files as Excel is a very common piece
of software and reading Excel file is quite simple in QF-Test.
The section keywords with dynamic components (see section 28.3) describes how to use QF-Test just as test-executor without really recording steps within QF-Test. You need to interact with QF-Test only in rare cases when applying this scenario.
Please take care to copy all test-suites to a project-related folder first and modify them there.
|Last update: 3/15/2023|
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